1 9 23 1 2 1 15 52. In this task charkha and takli were used. Rearing of Silkworms: Life Cycle and other details on Silkworms! House:. We offer a wide variety of handmade tools including shuttles, niddy-noddies, bobbins for Journey Wheels, and carrying bags for our charkhas. I have hand select all of the timber for my Russian spindles from a supplier that specialises in woods for Musical instrument. Traditionally, spinning is done in wet condition on takli and in semidried condition on a charkha. On large scale big spinning machines are used. In knitting, single fibre is used to prepare a fabric. The Relevance of Gandhiji's Sarvodaya, Education and Vedanta Philosophy in Modern Era - Dr. , process of twisting fibres to make yarn. He and his followers encourage everyone to spin. 400053 2490. Fiber takes longer to move into the small intestine, since it is slow to digest, which contributes to the feeling of fullness (Van Horn, 1997). I've heard there are very good spindles for under US $ 20. Takli and Charkha are used to make fabric 5. The first and the foremost point of which was the Charkha Yojna (the spinning wheel project). Hand spindle or takli. In this composition i know about mahatma Gandhi in Tamil and thank you very much for adding the same and hats of to you guys thank you. Access Chapter 3 - Fibre to Fabric here for free. By this fibres come together to form a yarn. The charkha and the takli were household spinning instruments. The spinning of yarn on a bigger scale is done using spinning machines following which these yarns are used to weave fabric. This is Social Science class 08 Social Science History Weavers Iron Smelters and Factory Owners CBSE Questions & Answers. These orders had to be placed two years in advance because this was the time required to send orders to India, get the specific cloths woven and shipped to Britain. ntse maharashtra 2016 - 2017 result charkha hrishikesh sachin: prayag plot no. Spinning of yarn on a large scale is. In this page we have Important Questions for Class 6 Science Fibre to Fabric. The raw materials may be cotton, silk, or wool, which are spun into threads on a spinning wheel called a charkha. Class 6 - Science - CH3 - Fibre to Fabric. Classify the following fibers into natural and manmade: cotton, nylon, jute, wool, silk, rayon. Emmy Nominees That Have Made History In 2019 Harper's Bazaar;. Tools- Hand spindle (takli) and Spinning wheel (charkha) [Any One] (2m) 12) Label the parts of the leaf. Gujarat CM Patel calls takli 'out of date' and says Gandhi himself would have rejected it. Natural fibres are obtained from: a) Plants – cotton, jute b) Animals – wool, silk 3. Initially, the company struggled to establish itself in India, creating small outposts such as this port at Fort Saint George in Madras. A simple device used for spinning is a hand spindle, also called takli. Its a free access to all the Classes 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th,10th,11th and 12th. This was called spinning and was done by women. 0 Introduction 1. Gujarat CM Patel calls takli 'out of date' and says Gandhi himself would have rejected it. Taki Tachibana (立花 瀧 Tachibana Taki) is the male protagonist of Kimi no Na wa. Answer: (a. Just use this brand and you can gorge on sweets to your heart's content. It is done by home made spinning machines like takli or charkha. Sari silk yarn Solid colors: $9 skein ( $80 Kilo)The Fibers are sorted out to one specific color and then spun to get this beautiful single solid colors. (iii) (a) Spinning on Takli 5 Latties (b) Spinning on charkha 5 Latties (iv) Bobbin winding and Pirn winding. He encouraged people to wear clothes made of homespun yarn and shun imported cloth made in the mills of Britain. Books on Khadi, Charkha and Village Industries (mahatma gandhi, Ghandi, peace, non-violence, nonviolence, M. Parliamentarians also paid tributes to Mahatma Gandhi and former Prime. The first and the foremost point of which was the Charkha Yojna (the spinning wheel project). It is often weighted at either the bottom, middle, or top, commonly by a disc or spherical object called a whorl, but many spindles exist that are not weighted by a whorl, but by thickening their shape towards the bottom, such as Orenburg and French spindles. After I had succeeded in spinning four hanks of yarn in nine hours on the wheel, I planned a similar experiment with the takli (i. Just surf through out the webpage of idcoo. spindle, also called takli (Fig. To make yarn we twist and turn the fibres. Tricolor Charkha (Spinning Wheel) - Buy this stock vector and explore similar vectors at Adobe Stock. 400050 1575. Start spinning cotton with supported spindles and charkha without the restriction of an orifice and flyer. chapter 7 history Part 2 Weavers , iron smelters and factory owners 1. FLAX SPINNING - dressing the distaff and other methods of spinning flax line and roving. Flecks of gold shone like benevolent spirits hovering above to guide and protect the people. • The first stage of production was spinning, Le. In the morning I used to do the usual work of cleaning the house and then sit at the charkha till noon, and after cooking and feeding the old parents and daughters I would have my fill and sit spinning fine yarn on the takli. Share this with your friends. How fortunate we are to be able to share the life of such a great person, a person who wanted to remain unnoticed and unseen. Spinning is the process of making yarn from fibers. The two main processes are weaving and knitting. Fibre to fabric 2. 3 1018038520 2017 10227 96. The thread was spun on the charkha and rolled on the takli. Gujarat CM Patel calls takli 'out of date' and says Gandhi himself would have rejected it. Charkha came as a better tool to produce the same. July 5, Two devices used in spinning are takli and charkha. The shaft is usually 8 or 9 inches long, and the whorl is about an inch in diameter. Charkha is a village in Dhari Taluka of Amreli district on Saurashtra peninsula in Gujarat, western India. 24 we published an article by Uma Bhatt on the antiliquor movement in Uttarakhand. We wear different types of cloths in different seasons in order to adjust with the changing atmospheric conditions due to change in seasons. The spinning of yarn on a bigger scale is done using spinning machines following which these yarns are used to weave fabric. (b) The soil best suited for the growth of cotton plant is black soil. Tricolor Charkha (Spinning Wheel) - Buy this stock vector and. Save on everyday low prices. What is fabric? You all know that food, clothing and shelter are the three basic needs of life. Both takli and charkha are used in spinning i. NCERT Books chapter-wise Solutions (Text & Videos) are accurate, easy-to-understand and most helpful in Homework & Exam Preparations. Gujarat Chief Minister Anandiben Patel says the takli (hand spindle) has become out of date. Ini adalah spesifik kepada menenun benang kapas. Chakras are also believed in by some New Age adherents. Charkha came as a better tool to produce the same. 1 3 5 13 22. Cotton is the fiber of the ages. We offer a wide variety of handmade tools including shuttles, niddy-noddies, bobbins for Journey Wheels, and carrying bags for our charkhas. com offers 106 handspun fabric products. Hingorani and Mahatma Gandhi Anand T. 3 1018038520 2017 10227 96. Two hand operated devices are : Hand spindle (takli), Charkha. I’ll repeat the photo here of my Nankeen Brown cotton, Erlene’s Green cotton, and takli spindle. In this composition i know about mahatma Gandhi in Tamil and thank you very much for adding the same and hats of to you guys thank you. Also, manufacturing it supported a niche group of artisans (involved in wood work). 431603 2000. Best and Affordable Gyms in India, Fitness Center in India, Yoga center in India, Health Club in India, - TOP 5 ORG INDIA. 1) Hand spindle (takli) 2) Charkha Charkha was made popular by Mahatma Gandhi. When the spinning was over the thread was woven into cloth by the weaver. work done mostly by women. Together there is great strength! Do your bit, spin your yarn, and offer it to the common pool…. But it's worth it. ? (a) India (b) America (c) Australia (d) China Q. Weaving and Knitting: The process of combining two sets of yarns is called weaving. The device used to make fabric is called Get the answers you need, now! 1. a work done mostly by women. Why do you wear clothes? You wear clothes for protection against climate, for modesty and beauty, and also to show status. The thread was spun on the charkhas and then rolled on the takli. b] i] Cotton ii] A- big comb like structures and B- Charkha iii] Two characteristics of this fibre are: It is thin, soft, and light. spindle, also called takli (Fig. Gandhiji boosted the morale of Jamia, saying, “The Jamia has to run. A simple device used for spinning is a hand spindle, also called takli. After practicing on my charkha and my bead spindle it just clicked one day. naginbhai lalajibhai patel jashbhai ramabhai suthar ratilal zaverbhai vyas n d kaluskar bisni gyarsa prakash babubhai sundesha manoj ale -5347823 y rfn. net Chapter 1 – Food – Where Does It Come From National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) Book Solutions for Class 6. It was first demonstrated at the Khadi U exhibition at Jhalawad during 19-20 May 2008. ) Orifice Hook Lazy Kate Niddy Noddy Hand carders (general purpose) Cotton hand carders (if owned) Support spindle, such as a takli, Russian or Tibetan spindle Spindle Bowl. The charkha and the takli were household spinning instruments. Even though the speed of the takli was somewhat less than that of the charkha, it was the best instrument for attaining self-sufficiency in cloth. Teaching spinning on Takli and Charkha to correlate 'hand-head-heart'. (k) Spin 50 meters of yarn with takli or charkha. The shaft is usually 8 or 9 inches long, and the whorl is about an inch in diameter. See also: Exercise solution Chapter 2 Components of Food. Title: Fibre to Fabric - Tiwari. In this process fibres from a mass of cotton wool are drawn out and twisted. It was first demonstrated at the Khadi U exhibition at Jhalawad during 19-20 May 2008. Filed Under: Goa Board. Post Script: The Takli Problem. most communities weaving was a task done by men. I had originally hoped this kate would work for my taklis as well as for charkha spindles; but alas, it was not to be! As you can see in these photos, the wood of the cross-arm hits the takli whorl and prevents the bottom of the takli shaft from passing through the lower screw-eye. Fabrics are used for a variety of clothing items. Spinning is done at home using simple devices like hand spindle (Takli) and charkha. Its a free access to all the Classes 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th,10th,11th and 12th. Hand spindle or takli. It is done by home made spinning machines like takli or charkha. 400049 1575. It was fundamental to the cotton textile industry prior to the Industrial Revolution. Spin-Off Presents: Cotton: From Growing to Finishing Cotton is an amazing fiber—great for keeping us cool and dry when it is hot and humid out. Figures X and Y represent takli and charkha respectively. ? (a) India (b) America (c) Australia (d) China Q. Fabric means a woven material, a textile or other material resembling woven cloth. 190008 225. SO many to choose from Morning, afternoon, all day. Prices include shipping. Since a battery is part of the system the charkha can run not only during the day time when sun is. nitin n gurve n p gurve geeta nagar, zingabai takli, neindia maharashtra nagpur 440030 in300239‐in300239‐12amount for unclaimed and u 2. For coloured textiles, the thread was dyed by the dyer, known as rangrez. Ginning: It is the process of removing cotton seeds from bolls. This full-day workshop introduces spinning cotton with the takli, an Indian-style support spindle and then the charkha, a portable Indian spinning wheel. Three glasses P, Q and R having equal amount of water were taken and equal amount of salt was added to each one of them. One such activity is the Charkha Annapoorna Programme, wherein the needy spin the charkha and gets food grains and rice in return for the effort put in by. work done mostly by women. ” This is undeniably true. These are cleaned manually by the hand and then spun using the Takli (Drop Spindle) or the Charkha (Spinning Wheel). Takli and charkha are used in spinning. Full text of "Economic Products of India Exhibited in the Economic Court, Calcutta " See other formats. Assam, Bihar and West bengal are the state where jute is cultivated. He improvised and built equipment like better snake-catching tools, small cotton-spinning wheel (takli) and chappals (sandals) from used tires. It is the office assigned to the constructive programme which gives it an irresistible prestige and power. I have noticed that those who are engaged in spinning khadi are very happy and contented. In this composition i know about mahatma Gandhi in Tamil and thank you very much for adding the same and hats of to you guys thank you. The Company was incorporated in 2005 and is registered with IndiaMART. Charkha came as a better tool to produce the same. It is often weighted at either the bottom, middle, or top, commonly by a disc or spherical object called a whorl, but many spindles exist that are not weighted by a whorl, but by thickening their shape towards the bottom, such as Orenburg and French spindles. Many of us could not understand Gandhi properly. Vasant's wife, Vimal, 75, didn’t learn how to operate the handloom. At the yarn stage. You can choose from the colors that you require as a major in each skein. Gandhi ji was an engineer at heart. SO many to choose from Morning, afternoon, all day. Access Chapter 3 - Fibre to Fabric here for free. Fabric from this yarn can be used to make all sorts of clothing. Spindle Reviews. Asked in Snow Leopards, Clothing, Mohandas Gandhi What did Gandhi use to make his own clothes? He spun khadi in a charkha to be woven. Prices include shipping. In knitting, single fibre is used to prepare a fabric. 1 ; View Full Answer. Tanjore Paintings is a classical south Indian art developed in the late 16th century in Thanjavur also known as Tanjore In Tamilnadu south Indian state. It occupies a very significant place in the State's Budget. Spinning is done at home using simple devices like hand spindle (Takli) and charkha. SUPPORT SPINDLE - spinning cotton on a takli and other spindles. 47 lakh adult weavers and allied workers in the country, 77 per cent are. , silk had an adventurous course of evolution. Fabrics are made up of yarns and yarns are further made up of fibres. The Difference Between Soulmates and Online research paper writing using, Life Partners. Learn what a great meditating tool the takli can be for you. Mahatma Gandhi introduced it as a way to resist the foreign rule in India. I began to spin on takli and charkha. Joan will guide you on how and wh y to adjust your wheel and teach you basic spinning techniques. So if they introduce the charkha in schools and ask the students to spin they would consider it as a punishment. In this process, fibres from a mass of cotton are drawn out and twisted. Takli, charkha E. Being an indirect tax, the burden is not much felt by the tax-payer and thus the State Government is in a position to collect large sums causing less dissatisfaction to the tax-payer. What is fabric? • You all know that food, clothing and shelter are the three basic needs of life. Women made spinning a daily ritual and popularised Khadi, the indigenous cloth. To find proper answers to all such is a necessary part of khadi research. (b) The soil best suited for the growth of cotton plant is black soil. 411033 2000. I've worked with cotton fibre of course, from boll and prepared fibre, but never successfully grown it. Krishna Rao - Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation - Philosophy - Miscellaneous - Publish your bachelor's or master's thesis, dissertation, term paper or essay. Two devices used in spinning are takli and charkha. Charkha, which was once the source of livelihood of artisans and the companion and helpmate of women, acquired a mystique The Dhanush takli,. The tahkli comes to us from India. No matter what you’re looking for or where you are in the world, our global marketplace of sellers can help you find unique and affordable options. Cotton is really easy to spin when you understand the nature of the fibre and learn a few basic techniques for spinning a short fibre. Asked in Snow Leopards, Clothing, Mohandas Gandhi What did Gandhi use to make his own clothes? He spun khadi in a charkha to be woven. So if they introduce the charkha in schools and ask the students to spin they would consider it as a punishment. Best and Affordable Gyms in India, Fitness Center in India, Yoga center in India, Health Club in India, - TOP 5 ORG INDIA. Textile Notes related to fiber, yarn, fabric knowledge, spinning, weaving, processing, projects, knitting, Indian Traditional Textiles and denim manufacturing. (l) Paint a wall or floor (village style). Name two processes by which fabric can be made from yarn. 400033 1575. Make an article of straw, palm, cane, reed or bamboos. All I have is a little wooden box that my father (Devadas Gandhi) got as a wedding gift from Bapu. The fibres are first drawn out from their source and then twisted into yarn. The charkha and the takli were household spinning instruments. With the takli under their belt we will move to a variety of charkha wheels, learning the differences and their limitations. Spinning is done at home using simple devices like hand spindle (Takli) and charkha. It is the office assigned to the constructive programme which gives it an irresistible prestige and power. Angora is obtained. A small bowl supports the bottom of the spindle while it spins. Charkha came as a better tool to produce the same. Generally two devices are used to make yarn from fibre namely takli and charkha. Yogendra Yadav Senior Gandhian Scholar Gandhi Research Foundation, Jalgaon, Maharashtra, India Contact No. ? (a) India (b) America (c) Australia (d) China Q. 1 3 4 2 1 11. If you are worried about its finances, I will go about with a begging bowl". The know-how on the subject is inherited from the original weavers from West Bengal. Spindle Reviews. “If Gandhiji had been alive today, he would have put the ‘takli’ (the spindle of charkha) aside. Jamia followed Gandhiji’s constructive programme for self-reliance while it took to Charkha and Takli as favoured vocations. Image of Spinning Charkha. Mahatma Gandhi introduced it as a way to resist the foreign rule in India. It occupies a very significant place in the State's Budget. The charkha and the takli were household spinning instruments. My mother and her older brother were too young for the charkha. By Darshan Desai. but there are signs of spinning and weaving even in the pre-historic period. Another hand operated device used for spinning is charkha. These bolls are hand picked. The classes she offers all over the country can now be found in this new video. Although Gandhi’s contacts helped to secure financial help for Jamia, the risk of helping a Congress-backed institution under the British Raj dissuaded many willing benefactors. Flecks of gold shone like benevolent spirits hovering above to guide and protect the people. Spreading Gandhian Thought: Open-Book Exam, Quiz competitions on Gandhiji’s autobiography. The thread was spun on the charkha and rolled on the takli. Emmy Nominees That Have Made History In 2019 Harper's Bazaar;. but there are signs of spinning and weaving even in the pre-historic period. Round shapes - Basket ball , Orange, Apple and globe Others- Water , Sugar, Earthen Pitcher 2 Q5. Textile Notes related to fiber, yarn, fabric knowledge, spinning, weaving, processing, projects, knitting, Indian Traditional Textiles and denim manufacturing. Assignment for Fibre to Fabric Question 1 Which is of these is true? (a) Jute is the outer covering of coconut Takli (b) Charkha (c) Looms (d) Needles. Box Charkha offered by E Trade Enterprises, a leading supplier of Wooden Box in Shrinagar, Thane, Maharashtra. Correct definition. (b) The soil best suited for the growth of cotton plant is black soil. Use of charkha was popularised by Mahatma Gandhi as part of the Independence movement. The process. The process. Tools- Hand spindle (takli) and Spinning wheel (charkha) [Any One] (2m) 12) Label the parts of the leaf. Spindle Reviews. i m confused but it could be takli or charkha Read More. In the morning I used to do the usual work of cleaning the house and then sit at the charkha till noon, and after cooking and feeding the old parents and daughters I would have my fill and sit spinning fine yarn on the takli. In this process, fibres from a mass of cotton are drawn out and twisted. • The first stage of production was spinning, Le. He was governor of Bihar from 1957 to 1962. NCERT Solutions for Class 6th Science freehomedelivery. I began to spin on takli and charkha. 400049 1575. Understand how knitting is different from weaving. The charkha and the takli were household spinning instruments. + Read More. He collected it and published in a book. In this task charkha and takli were used. Cotton is really easy to spin when you understand the nature of the fibre and learn a few basic techniques for spinning a short fibre. The fibres are first drawn out from their source and then twisted into yarn. Smriti Irani inaugurates 'charkha' made of plastic waste in Noida Asian News International. The thread was spun on the charkha and rolled on the takli. Nylon or Polyester Bags Photo Gallery. July 5, Two devices used in spinning are takli and charkha. Takli is a iron stick and is also called as Hand spindle. Being open mouthed, the thread of the cocoons is discon­tinuous. CHARKHA Cotton spinning with Takli 21. naginbhai lalajibhai patel jashbhai ramabhai suthar ratilal zaverbhai vyas n d kaluskar bisni gyarsa prakash babubhai sundesha manoj ale -5347823 y rfn. When the spinning was over the thread was woven into cloth by the weaver. It is done by home made spinning machines like takli or charkha. beginning usually at 4. A spindle is a straight spike usually made from wood used for spinning, twisting fibers such as wool, flax, hemp, cotton into yarn. Khadi Fabric. (v) Preparation of Wrap. Nylon or Polyester Bags Photo Gallery. Book Charkha and Box Charkha use the same length of Spindles whereas the Spindles for Bigger Box and Traditional Charkha are slightly longer. ” Handouts. In ancient China, how did status of a person affect their clothing? (a) Scholars wore long blue gowns’ (b) Upper class women had colorful silk robes (c) Common people wore jackets and pants (d) All of these. Use of charkha was popularised by Mahatma Gandhi as part of the Independence movement. All I have is a little wooden box that my father (Devadas Gandhi) got as a wedding gift from Bapu. Natural FibreSynthetic Fibre, NCERT Solutions updated as per latest book issued by NCERT. 2 6 8 1 1 18. These are cleansed manually and then spun using the Takli (Drop Spindle) or the Charkha (Spinning Wheel) in villages. The thread was spun on the charkha and rolled on the takli. The thread was spun on the charkha and rolled on the takli • When the spinning was over the thread was woven into cloth by the weaver. We're bringing you one last story before we sign off, for #InternationalArchivesDay. You eat food to survive and protect yourself from diseases, you need a house to live in. CHARKHA Single Spindle Charkha 2 Spindle Charkha 4 Spindle Solar Charkha 22. His attachment to the Congress was total. Because of the high whorl speed it can attain, it is the perfect tool for spinning cotton - you can spin a much finer diameter yarn on the takli than is possible to spin using a wheel. These are cleaned manually by the hand and then spun using the Takli (Drop Spindle) or the Charkha (Spinning Wheel). This mechanism is in fact. I hope that my answer will helps you. Many of us could not understand Gandhi properly. There are mainly two types of charkha – Bardoli Charkha, which has a box-form and is known to be invented by Ghandhi ji. Takli, charkha E. When some slighted the takli and charkha to make Khadi, he said: I am not against the machines. Later, charkha was introduced as a better tool to spin the yarn and was mainly made of wood. 1 9 23 1 2 1 15 52. Similarly, the charkha [spinning wheel] in the hands of a poor widow brings a paltry sum to her, while in the hands of Jawaharlal Nehru it becomes a symbol of India’s freedom. takli and charkha. From Sep 11 (Vinoba Bhave's birthday) to Oct 2 (Mahatma Gandhi's birthday), the volunteers of Gandhi Peace Foundation, Alwarpet will join conservancy workers in the Alwarpet area and share their work. When Kabir stepped back to see his handwork, it was not just he who gasped, but also the Spindles, the Charkha, the Takli and the rest of the weaving gang. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Spinning was common in those days. Ans 11 : The process of making yarn from fibres is called spinning. Study Circles, Seminars, Colloquiums, and Teachers’ Forums in Colleges. It is done on a machine called loom (handloom or powerloom). To my surprise I found there a sannyasi spinning on the Charkha in one of the mandapams within the precincts of the temple. There are mainly two types of charkha – Bardoli Charkha, which has a box-form and is known to be invented by Ghandhi ji. himanshu44444 Takli and Charkha are used to make fabric. FLAX SPINNING - dressing the distaff and other methods of spinning flax line and roving. Spinning cotton is different from w ool\, but with well prepared fibre and effective techniques\, it really is easy. 400053 1575. In this regard, they remark, "the takli or spindle and desi charkha, traditional spinning wheel provide better results than the ambar, updated spinning mechanism. Assignment for Fibre to Fabric Question 1 Which is of these is true? (a) Jute is the outer covering of coconut Takli (b) Charkha (c) Looms (d) Needles. Takli is a Village in Miraj Taluka in Sangli District of Maharashtra State. Free Shipping on eligible items. Gandhian Study Centre - MGM College Gandhian Study Centre, popularly known by the name Gandhi Adhyayana Kendra, was established in Mahatma Gandhi Memorial College with an aim to disseminate and popularize Gandhian teachings, principles, path and ideals among the students, youth and general public of Udupi district. Fibre to fabric 2. • After weaving, spinning was done mostly by men. In 1929, he even instituted an INR one lakh prize (INR 20 crores in today’s value; 2. Terdapat banyak jenis hand spindle. Living in linen country, I may not have a lot of experience growing cotton. The charkha and the takli were household spinning instruments. Spindle Reviews. The tips given here are for models made in India. Maharashtra is the third-biggest condition of India, both in territory…. In this process fibres from a mass of cotton wool are drawn out and twisted. The word “tahkli” (takli, takali) is a Hindi word for “spindle. There are mainly two types of charkha - a) Bardoli Charkha, which has a box-form and is known to be invented by Gandhi Ji b) Yerwada Charkha, which has a regular form one gets to see in many weavers' houses. The shaft is usually 8 or 9 inches long, and the whorl is about an inch in diameter. Charkha is a wheel used by Mahatma gandhi it is made of wood and is made popular by Mahatma gandhi for spinning. Charkha came as a better tool to produce the same. Gandhiji's charkha legacy goes for a toss in his home state. A spindle is a straight spike usually made from wood used for spinning, twisting fibers such as wool, flax, hemp, cotton into yarn. Orthodox Muslims also viewed Jamia as a threat to Aligarh Muslim University, the ‘Muslim Oxford’. The first stage of production was spinning - a work done mostly by women. Earth Globe 7.